51 Facts about trees – Weird and wonderful wood
1. Wood is made up of a combination of living, dying, and dead cells.
2. The world’s shortest tree is the dwarf willow, which lives in northerly and Arctic Tundra regions and rarely grows more than a couple of inches high.
3. The tallest trees can grow as high as 100 metres, more than 320 feet. They include the Coast Redwood, Giant Sequoia, Sitka Spruce and Australian Mountain Ash.
4. The world’s tallest living standing hardwood tree is a mountain ash called Centurion in Tasmania. It’s about 329 feet 8 3/4 inches high.
5. Trees never die of old age. Insects, diseases and people are usually the killers.
6. The mighty Giant Sequoia is thought by many to be the biggest living organism in the world, although a 2,400 acre fungus mycelium in eastern Oregon – almost ten square kilometres of it – is a strong, if less-visible, contender.
7. The world is home to more than 23,000 different kinds of trees.
8. The terms softwood and hardwood describe the leaves, seeds and structure of the trees rather than the type of wood they produce.
9. Redwood bark can be as much as two feet thick.
10. City trees tend to live for an average of 13 years less than country trees.